In the history of more than 10 years of exporting pangasius, EU is still the traditional and largest market of Vietnamese pangasius enterprises. Compared with the years 2008-2009, the value of exporting pangasius to EU decreased. However, this is still considered a key market that cannot be lost by pangasius enterprises.
In the last 2 years, the value of pangasius export to the EU increased positively again because the import demand in many markets increased, the average price of imported Pangasius also increased from 2-2.6 USD / kg in 2016- 2017 raised 2.8 to 3.5 USD / kg in 2018 and in the first 3 months of this year, the average price of imported Pangasius of EU reached 2.93 - 3.55 USD / kg. Moreover, Pangasius export to Central and Eastern Europe is forecasted to increase in the coming time.
In addition to the positive effects taking place in many small markets in the EU, the EVFTA Agreement is adopted and signed. As forecast, after this FTA takes effect, exporting pangasius will have more opportunities. With 2 main tra and basa fish products: fresh, frozen pangasius (HS 030432) tax will be reduced from 9% to 0% after 3 years; Frozen pangasius fillet (HS 030462) will decrease from 5.5% to 0% after 3 years of EVFTA effect. Products of frozen pangasius (HS 030324) are eliminated in 3 years from the current level of 8%.
According to ITC statistics, from 2018 to the first quarter of 2019, the average import price of pangasius in the Netherlands - Vietnam's largest pangasius export market in the EU in the first 5 months of 2019, is quite good. in which, tra and basa products (HS 030432) are at high prices from 7.9 to 9.2 USD / kg, products; Tra fish products (030324) ranged from 2.2 to 2.4 USD / kg.
In addition, pangasius export to the UK also increased positively, in which, 2 groups of products are frozen pangasius (HS 030462 and HS 030272) are also being imported more in this market.
The average price of imported Pangasius of Austria, Denmark, Germany and Finland is also higher than regional countries.
So, the advantages that have been taking place in the EU in addition to the opportunities for tariffs after EVFTA comes into effect are forecasted to bring better growth of tra and basa in Vietnam. In addition to increasing high quality products, VAT, brand building and pangasius images in the EU, Vietnamese export enterprises also need to have specific strategies for each market.