Influenced by COVID-19, Vietnam's pangasius export turnover in the first 3 months of 2020 decreased by 29.3% compared to the same period in 2019 and the pangasius industry is likely to recover completely from the quarter. 3/2020.
This is the information given by the General Department of Fisheries at the "Conference on the situation of Pangasius production and consumption in the context of COVID-19 epidemic" organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in An Giang. 7/5 afternoon.
The conference was chaired by Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong, with the participation of Pangasius leaders and exporters in An Giang and Dong Thap provinces.
According to the Vietnam Pangasius Association, in early 2020, the evolution of the COVID-19 epidemic has affected the production, processing and export activities of Vietnam pangasius industry.
The new farming area of the whole country is 777ha, down 5.7% over the same period in 2019; harvest area is 602ha, down 20.8% over the same period in 2019; production reached nearly 180,000 tons, down 23.6% over the same period in 2019.
In the first months of 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic has been complicated and outbreaks have occurred in countries such as China, the United States and some countries in the European community and South Korea. These are the major and key markets for Vietnam's pangasius export.
Seafood export turnover of Vietnam in the first 3 months of 2020 to major markets has decreased sharply compared to the same period in 2019, specifically, to China decreased by 48%, to the EU decreased by 47.3%, to America decreased by 19.8%.
The rapid decline makes exporting enterprises dependent on these markets face many difficulties, immediately affecting raw pangasius production.
In the first 3 months, Vietnam's pangasius export turnover reached US $ 334 million, down 29.3% compared to the same period in 2019. Despite great efforts, the Pangasius industry has not reached the growth target. on the planned export.
All major pangasius export markets in the first 3 months decreased compared to the same period last year. In the Pangasius industry chain from farming households to export processing enterprises, auxiliary industries such as aquatic medicine, food ... are all affected.
At the same time, saline drought in some provinces in the Mekong Delta region such as Ben Tre, Vinh Long, Ca Mau, Bac Lieu and Soc Trang also impacted the export pangasius industry, pushing localities into double losses. . "
At present, in the Mekong Delta region, raw material pangasius price is only VND 18,500-19,000 / kg, but enterprises only prefer to buy fish in the chain or fish of the enterprises.
It is forecasted that supply chain interruptions due to the COVID-19 epidemic will be temporary and import and export activities are expected to recover after the epidemic is under control.
Mr. Tran Dinh Luan - Director General of the General Department of Fisheries - said that China is now under control and the trade is starting to recover. Moreover, inventories in some major importing countries are currently at low levels.
It is forecasted that the pangasius industry is likely to recover completely from the third quarter of 2020 and that the Chinese market will recover by the end of May 2020. It is necessary to have a production regulation scenario to avoid happening. Shortages of raw materials for processing and export.
The population of India is currently over 1.3 billion people and is expected to become the most populous country in the world by 2027. India's pangasius production has increased continuously since Pangasius farming was started to be adopted in India. In 1995 and 2018, it reached 0.85 million tons. Therefore, this could be a potential market of Vietnam pangasius industry in the future, Mr. Tran Dinh Luan made a forecast.
By 2020, the country's pangasius farming output is expected to reach 1.42 million tons. The accumulated farming area is expected to reach 6,600ha. The seafood industry's growth target in 2020 is expected to reach 10 billion USD; which include shrimp, catfish, seafood.
Facing difficulties of the Pangasius industry, Vietnam Pangasius Association has proposed that the Government consider to have policies to support reduction, debt rescheduling and extend the tax payment time to support enterprises and financial and banking policies. , measure business losses to propose the State Bank to provide appropriate loan and interest rates; propose solutions to support farming households and enterprises in Vietnam pangasius industry during the epidemic and post-epidemic period. At the same time, there are solutions to support transformation for businesses and farming households in developing the domestic market; promote domestic markets, restore foreign markets.
In order for the fish industry to develop sustainably and to respond to current opportunities and challenges, Mr. Duong Nghia Quoc - President of Vietnam Pangasius Association - affirmed the improvement of quality and image of Pangasius products. and building Vietnam pangasius brand in the current period is very necessary.
Localities, businesses and farming areas need to focus on improving the quality of breeding fish and pangasius material at the rearing stage associated with improving the environmental quality; intensifying the application of new technologies to the nursery process; encourage enterprises with potentials and resources to participate in breeding and producing parental tra fish; support businesses to develop markets associated with branding for high quality pangasius products ...
At the same time, focusing on developing domestic and international consumption markets to strengthen the image and new sales channels, and at the same time support businesses to develop markets associated with branding for pangasius products. high quality, in association with the implementation of the national product scheme as a driving force for the Pangasius Decree to be effective, Mr. Quoc raised the issue.
On the other hand, Vietnam needs to focus on building a product line of high quality pangasius fillets; diversify products, develop value-added product lines; promoting competition and restructuring Pangasius industry; improve product quality, build image and brand of Vietnam pangasius; focus on developing available markets in the US, EU, China, Asean with a market share of 50-60% ...
Speaking at the conference, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong affirmed that Vietnam is proud to have domesticated pangasius to become an economic sector of billion-dollar pangasius exported to 119 countries.
However, pangasius production and export combined in years are not commensurate with the capital. The reason is that the synchronous value chain from production, processing and consumption of products with the participation of enterprises and farmers is not tight; seed is an important stage but not yet meet the requirements; market organization still has many holes; has not fully explored the potential and advantages of the large export market.
Minister Nguyen Xuan Cuong emphasized that in order to bring the Pangasius industry to a sustainable development in line with its name, the Vietnamese Pangasius brand has been built, the role of associations and associations is a bridge between enterprises and the State. important.
The COVID-19 epidemic caused domestic catfish exporting enterprises to lose many export orders, always in a state of being full of goods due to failure to export. Enterprises face the risk of increasing overdue debt, threatening production disruption and economic damage.
In the coming time, Vietnam Pangasius Association, Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Processors, together with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and localities in the Mekong River Delta focus on solving difficulties for the export enterprises, especially capital issues; trade promotion, boosting pangasius export to markets which initially controlled the COVID-19 epidemic such as China, Europe, Japan, ASEAN ...
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development will coordinate with the Ministry of Industry and Trade and associations and associations to promote export of pangasius into potential markets such as Russia, Brazil ...; Working with supermarkets and distribution systems in the country to boost consumption of pangasius in the country to not be dependent on, pressure on export markets, the Minister emphasized.
In order to develop the Pangasius product industry sustainably, the Minister asked the provinces and cities in the Mekong Delta region not to expand the area of Pangasius farming and expected the localities to support the Ministry's policy.
For fingerlings, it must be made of three levels of pangasius; including the accompaniment of large enterprises in seed development ...